Diabetes Awareness Month

Improve your Diabetes Awareness

There are several types of diabetes, but the most common are Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

-Type 1 can occur in anyone at any age. It happens when the body does not produce insulin. Usually the body would break down carbohydrates that you have eaten in food and use that for energy. Then it uses insulin, which is a hormone, to get those nutrients into the cells. Type 1 is managed with insulin therapy along with a healthy diet and exercise.

– Type 2 diabetes is more common, and it is when your body cannot use the insulin correctly. Sometimes this disease can be managed with a healthy diet and exercise, but for others, medication and insulin therapy are needed. The key component of managing this disease is exercise. It does not matter how you get started but you have to get up and start moving!

-Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. The exact cause is not known on why some women develop it and others do not. One theory concludes that the hormones of the placenta prevent the mother’s insulin from working correctly and make it more difficult for her body to use it properly, which is called insulin resistance. Another theory is that the mother’s body cannot produce enough insulin it needs throughout the pregnancy. This causes glucose to be unable to leave the blood and convert to energy; a buildup called hyperglycemia. Treatments for this type of diabetes include individualized meal plans, exercise, and sometimes daily blood sugar testing and insulin injections.

No matter what kind of diabetes you or a loved one may have, it is important to remember that you are not alone and that there are treatment options available that will allow you to live a long, happy and healthy life. 

Take this quick test from the American Diabetes Association to see if you or a loved one is at risk for developing diabetes:


FMI's Recipe for Safely Preparing Food at Home

A Recipe for Safely Preparing Food at Home during COVID-19

“What’s for dinner?” isn’t the only question we’re asking ourselves or family members these days. It’s “What’s for breakfast, lunch, dinner, and a snack in between?” Plus, it’s how to purchase and prepare these meals safely.

As the COVID-19 pandemic keeps more of us at home, purchasing and preparing food is on our minds now more than ever. Our friends at FMI have a simple 4-step recipe, sprinkled with tons of resources, to ensure you can safely protect yourself, friends and families while prepping food.

Woman with coffee mug in front of people exercising

Sun Protection for Every Age

Three generations of people walking in the sun

Sponsored by Johnson & Johnson

Your skin changes as you age, and so do the ways you need to protect it from the sun. A baby’s skin, for instance, can be up to 30 percent thinner than an adult’s, and as we reach middle age and beyond, the skin can thin and become increasingly sensitive. And since sun exposure can, over time, lead to skin cancer and premature skin aging, it is important for people of all ages – from infants to the elderly – to take the proper steps to mitigate those risks.

Here’s how to protect yourself and loved ones of all ages from too much sun exposure.

Infants – Under six months, babies should be kept out of direct sunlight. Dress your baby in breathable clothing that covers the whole body and a hat. Consult your physician for sunscreen use in children six months.

Babies – Babies older than six months should still keep sun exposure to a minimum and should use broad-spectrum sunscreen (meaning it protects against UVA and UVB rays) when outdoors.

Toddlers – Be diligent about applying broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every two hours with busy toddlers. Use water resistant formulas when your child is sweating or swimming.

School-age children – As kids go to school and participate in activities away from home, it is harder to make sure they are using sunscreen. Talk to children about sun safety at recess and during sports. Apply sunscreen at home and ask your child, teachers and coaches to make sure it is reapplied when they play outside.

Adults – Wearing sunscreen for outdoor activities is an obvious must. But because sun exposure can lead to skin aging and increases the risk of skin cancers, it’s also a good idea to wear sunscreen for everyday activities including driving in your car or walking the dog. To minimize the effects of long-term sun exposure, using a daily moisturizer with SPF is a good everyday protection.

Older adults – Our skin gets thinner, drier and more vulnerable as we age. Regularly using a broad-spectrum sunscreen when outdoors is a must, and long sleeves and wide-brimmed hats are a good protective measure as well.

©Johnson & Johnson Consumer Inc. 2016

Woman with coffee mug in front of people exercising

How to Foster Emotional Balance Through Family Meals

Eating together feeds the emotional well-being of all family members, especially children and adolescents. Family meals have been shown to help us:

  • Get along better with others
  • Demonstrate fewer depressive symptoms
  • Feel fewer emotional difficulties
  • Improve grades in school
  • Make students more motivated at school

Choose wellness by eating together with your family and / or friends more often.

Woman with coffee mug in front of people exercising

Keep Your Kids Safe This Winter

Influenza Vaccine Q&A

There are a lot of questions surrounding influenza and the flu vaccine. The Immunization Action Coalition answers your burning questions to help your family have a healthy flu season. 

Is influenza more serious for kids?
Infants and young children are at risk for getting seriously ill from influenza. That’s why health experts recommend that all children 6 months and older and all adults get vaccinated against influenza each fall or winter.

What is influenza?
Influenza, or “flu,” is an infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. It can easily spread from person to person.

Including the vaccine, how else can I protect my child?
• Every year, get an influenza vaccination yourself.
• Urge your child’s close contacts to get vaccinated, too. This is extremely important if your child is younger than 5 or if he or she has a chronic health problem such as asthma or diabetes. Because children younger than 6 months can’t be vaccinated, they rely on those around them to get vaccinated.
• Wash your hands often and cover your coughs and sneezes. It’s best to use a tissue and quickly throw it away. If you don’t have a tissue, you should cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands. This will prevent the spread of germs.
• Tell your children to – Stay away from people who are sick, – Wash their hands often, – Keep their hands away from their face, and – Cover coughs and sneezes to protect others.

What are signs of influenza?
Influenza comes on suddenly. Most people with influenza feel very tired and have a high fever, headache, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, and sore muscles. The cough can last two or more weeks. Some people, especially children, may also have stomach problems and diarrhea.

How is influenza spread?
People who have influenza usually cough, sneeze, and have a runny nose. The droplets in a cough, sneeze, or runny nose contain the influenza virus. Other people can get influenza by breathing in the virus or by getting it in their nose or mouth. It is also spread by touching a surface that an infected person has touched, such as doorknobs, tabletops, or keyboards.

How long can a sick person spread influenza to others?
People can spread influenza from one day before getting sick to up to five or more days after getting sick.

What should I use to clean hands?
Wash your children’s hands with soap and water. Wash them for as long as it takes to sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice. If soap and water are not handy and hands are not visibly soiled, use wipes or gels with alcohol in them. Gels should be rubbed into hands until the hands are dry.

What can I do if my child gets sick?
Make sure your child gets plenty of rest and drinks lots of fluids. Talk with your child’s doctor before giving your child over-the-counter medicine. If you suspect that your child may have influenza, never give him or her aspirin or medicine that has aspirin in it. It could cause serious problems.

What warning signs should I be on the look-out for during my child’s illness?
If your child has any of the following emergency warning signs, seek urgent medical attention by taking them to an emergency room or calling 9-1-1:
• Fast breathing or trouble breathing
• Bluish skin color
• Not waking up or not interacting
• Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
• Not drinking enough fluids
• Not urinating or not producing tears when crying
• Severe or persistent vomiting
• Influenza-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

Can my child go to school/ day care with influenza?
No. If your child has influenza, he or she should stay home to rest. This helps avoid spreading it to other children.

When can my child go back to school or day care after having influenza?
Children with influenza should be isolated in the home, away from other people. They should also stay home until they are symptom-free for 24 hours (that is, until they have no fever without the use of fever-control medicines and they feel well for 24 hours.) Remind your child to protect others by covering his or her mouth when coughing or sneezing. You may want to send your child to school with tissues or wipes with gels that have alcohol in them if the school allows gels.

Influenza vaccine may save your child’s life.
Most people with influenza are sick for about a week, and then they feel better. But, some people, especially young children, pregnant women, older people, and people with chronic health problems can get very sick. Some even die. A yearly vaccination against influenza is the best way to protect your child from this serious disease. It is recommended for everyone 6 months and older.